What Does A Customer Success Manager Do?

Sales cycle management strategies

A lot has been written about the sales journey and the role a good support team has in keeping customers happy. But there’s one part we don’t hear as much about, and that’s the vital role played by a customer success manager.

But First, What Is Customer Success?

Customer success ensures that your customers understand, internalize, and experience the value of your product or service throughout the duration of their journey with your company.

So where does the customer success manager come into play?

The customer success manager role bridges the gap between sales and support and, in SaaS organizations especially, they are almost indispensable.

Below is a typical sale to post-purchase path with the key roles played by a customer success manager:

customer success manager pre sales support

The prospect-to-customer journey starts with a sales individual and ends with the customer support or service team. During this journey, the customer success manager acts as an enabler, moving the customer along the sales journey and handing them off from sales to support.

In this post, I’ll show you what a customer success manager does, how they fit into the prospect-customer sales journey, and why they’re so indispensable.

The role of a customer success manager…at the pre-sales stage

In the ideal world, every opportunity should have a customer success manager assigned. However, this is not always feasible.

So the first things any organization should decide on are the criteria to determine when a customer success manager will be introduced to a prospect. These should be product– and organization-specific, but some criteria may include:

  • A prospect with complex technical requirements
  • A high-value prospect
  • A prospect that is starting small but will eventually add a lot of licenses

Keep in mind that a customer success manager is not another support agent. It is not the customer success manager’s primary job role to answer technical queries or help customers configure their software.

The customer success manager’s real role at the pre-sales stage is to demonstrate value to the customer and also help sales demonstrate a proof of concept.

Excellent customer success managers are also instrumental in helping the sales team close deals with complex or not easily demonstrable requirements. Smart sales individuals use the services of a customer success manager as a bargaining chip or value-added service while closing sales.

A customer success manager also helps build a positive image of an organization’s support during the pre-sales stage. By acting as a single point of contact for the prospect, the customer success manager is largely responsible for the prospect’s initial impression of the level of support that can be expected from an organization.

Customer Success Managers ALWAYS Support Onboarding

The customer success manager is involved in setting up new accounts and onboarding customers after the purchase is made.

Since the customer success manager already has a good understanding of the customer’s business needs from the pre-sales stage, they work with the customer to make sure they can extract the most value from the product after purchase.

During the onboarding process, the customer success manager talks past feature implementation and helps implement a solution to the customer’s problems.

For example, instead of helping a customer configure a certain feature, the customer success manager first understands why the customer needs a feature and then offers the best way to achieve what the customer wants.

The actual purpose of onboarding a customer is to make sure they get the most out of the solution, making it an integral part of their organization’s day-to-day working. In effect, a customer success manager helps increase the ‘stickiness’ of the solution within an organization. This eventually helps prevent customer churn. In fact, most organizations use churn as a metric to measure a customer success manager’s performance.

Post On-boarding Matters, Too

Once the customer is on board, he/she is introduced to the support team. If the customer success manager has been nudging the customer towards the support team during the onboarding, then the move should be seamless.

However, an abrupt handover might make it seem like the customer success manager has lost interest in the customer and has more important tasks to do. A customer success manager should stay in contact with customers after handing over to support.

An easy way for customer success managers to stay in touch with customers is by automating an email campaign that discusses best practices and upcoming events, sent in the customer success manager’s name. This will allow your customer success managers to help new customers but at the same time keep in touch with existing customers and keep the lines of communication open.

3 Key Responsibilities for a Customer Success Manager to Link Support and Sales

The customer success manager role is a relatively new role that is particularly prominent in SaaS-based organizations. Finding the right candidate or assigning someone to fill this new role can be tricky, but linking sales and support can happen when you hire for these three skills:

1. Understanding the customer’s needs to help them exploit your software

Your customer success manager needs to demonstrate the software efficiently and in a way that best caters to your prospects’ needs. If they do not, the chances of the prospect becoming a lost lead increase greatly.

The customer success manager shouldn’t look to tick off all product capabilities on a list, but address the customer’s direct needs and showcase that part of the product. Rushing a prospect through a quick demo can come across as insincere or as if your CSM doesn’t care. It’s much wiser for your CSM to introduce the prospect to a support team member who can walk them through it.

2. Be clear on the potential ROI you can bring from a customer

This one may sound simple, but knowing the value of a prospect is vital, especially immediately after the purchase stage. Sometimes you may think you don’t have a big customer, but if this is a SaaS or Tech company that’s just received funding, you know they’re going to be a big customer for the business.

Investing extra product mentoring is ideal to make sure the customer successfully onboard, as 75% of all users will churn within 90 days. Also for a big customer or big potential customer, you’ll want to ensure your customer success manager has informed the support team lead. That way support teams can work proactively to help reduce churn.

3. Customizing workflows based on the profile of the customer

Here the customer success manager should liaise with an account manager in the support team. Good account management helps the customer roll out the software at their company.

This process helps the customer shape the software to be compatible with their requirements. It also shares knowledge and helps the customer develop their business – a healthy step towards building a long-lasting relationship.

Getting the right Customer Success Manager for your team

When it comes to hiring a customer success manager for this role you’ll need:

  • A customer success manager with good emotional intelligence. This will help them easily empathize and understand the customer’s requirements.
  • A good understanding of project management is important. The customer success manager will be working with two teams. It’s essential they know how to give the right amount of information and assign specific tasks to individual teams or members with clear outcomes needed.
  • Proactive and willing to improve on processes. That means creating a feedback loop to the sales team to teach moments that make customers go “wow, that’s exactly what I need” for product demonstrations.
  • And before you even hire, use a take-home skills test to see how they would handle a potential scenario. It’s best to use an actual conversation that happens in your prospective journeys often.

Leaning on these four details will help you find customer success manager candidates who are qualified for your team. However, don’t shy away from thinking out the box. You know your organization and culture better than anyone else, so make a hiring decision with that in mind.

Customer Success Manager Interview Questions

In the section above, you learned more about getting the right person on your team. But before you can do that, you need to drill down during the interview process. Here are some of the best interview questions you can ask:

  • Can you explain your view of what our product or service does?
  • What approach do you take to problem-solving?
  • How do you pinpoint upsell opportunities?
  • How does your past experience and skill set transfer to this position?
  • Do you have experience collaborating with sales professionals in your current role?

Again, these questions are just a starting point. You should ask questions based on the specifics of the role, your company, and what you’re looking to accomplish.

Use customer success to create lifelong customers

To conclude, the role of a customer success manager is vital for organizations that offer subscription-based products.

Not only does a customer success manager help reduce customer churn, but they are also responsible for enabling customers to make the most of the product on offer.

The role of a customer success manager reaches farther than often thought, and should be involved before a prospect becomes a customer and continues on even after the sale is closed.

Does your organization have customer success managers? How do they fit into the sales journey?

New Report